Flea are winged insects, real parasites that feed on the blood of mammals and birds.
They are about 1.5-4 mm large, have six legs and are capable of making very high jumps at a speed parts at 1.9m / sec.
They live and mate on the bodies of the animals that host them and from which they do not leave, if not forced.
Able to survive all year round, fleas find their habitat not only on the dog, but also in kennels, woven carpets and carpets as regards the interior, in flower beds, wetlands, gardens and under the bushes as regards the outside.
In addition to being very annoying to our animals, they can also cause diseases such as:
- DAP, allergic flea dermatitis caused by the saliva of the insect, leads our animal to chew and scratch so as to lose its hair and get wounds;
- DIPYLIDIUM CANINUM is an infection caused by ingestion of an infected flea, which causes diarrhoea, vomiting, weight loss and itching in the anal area;
- BARTONELOSIS a group of 4 infectious diseases caused by Bartonella henselae that causes fever, diarrhea, vomiting, inflammation of the heart muscles, swelling and inflammation of the lymph nodes;
Spider-like ticks that feed on the blood of the animal they are attached to, 1 to 3.6 mm in size, can reach one centimeter after a meal.
They can pass indifferently from one animal species to another, piercing the skin of the animal with their mouthparts becoming easy vectors of diseases such as:
- Herchiliosis, a disease which can also affect man, is transmitted if the tick remains attached for at least 48 hours to its victim and is evidenced after 2/3 weeks with high fever and lethargy, as well as weakness, slimming, increase in lymph nodes until it affects the nervous system;
- Rickettiosis, manifests itself with fever and drowsiness and is transmissible to humans;
- Lyme disease, the main symptoms are fever, weakness, joint pain and lameness, this is also transmissible to humans;
- Babesiosis, manifests itself with high fever, drowsiness, swelling of the spleen, anemia.
The presence of fleas in a house is quite common for those who own one or more pets, especially cats and dogs.